Cameras, Video, Ingestible

Definition : Video cameras designed as a tiny, disposable-image pill that is swallowed by the patient and transmits endoscopic images from various locations along the gastrointestinal tract. These devices include a number of components, such as a color video camera, lights, a transmitter, an antenna, and appropriate batteries; the camera pills/capsules are usually part of a system that includes a recorder worn by the patient and a computerized unit to process and display the images. The patient swallows the pill/capsule, which then travels along the gastrointestinal tract by natural movement (i.e., peristalsis) and is eventually excreted. Endoscopic camera pills/capsules are used to detect abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract (e.g., cancer lesions, telangiectasia), especially in areas of the small intestine that are difficult or impossible to view using endoscopes. They are also used to view the esophagus in the diagnosis and evaluation of esophageal diseases (e.g., gastroesophageal reflux disease, esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, esophageal ulcer, esophageal varices).

Entry Terms : "Imaging Capsules, Ingestible" , "Video Capsules, Ingestible" , "Pill Cameras, Ingestible" , "Video Camera Pills, Ingestible" , "Swallowable Video Cameras" , "Ingestible Video Cameras" , "Endoscopic Camera Pills" , "Camera Pills, Ingestible" , "Capsules, Imaging, Ingestible"

UMDC code : 20392

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