Orthoses, Lower Limb, Hip, Therapeutic, Abduction, Pediatric, Ambulatory

Definition : Therapeutic hip orthoses designed to keep the hip joint in abducted position during treatment of ambulatory children, while permitting a limited degree of movement. These orthoses may consist of a variety of prefabricated or custom-made devices that keep the hip joint in abducted position with a degree of flexion and control of movement different for each type of orthoses. A frequently used device is the Atlanta Scottish Rice orthosis that consists of a waist band attached to thigh cuffs that are frequently joined using an abduction bar. Some other orthoses include extensions below the knee to provide rotation control (e.g., Toronto and Newington orthoses). Abduction pediatric hip orthoses are used mainly to treat congenital pediatric malformations (e.g., Leg-Calve-Pertes disease); they are intended for quasi-continuous use during several weeks by infants suffering the disease. The orthoses have been used also to treat hip dislocations in infants.

Entry Terms : "Abduction Orthoses" , "Ambulatory Hip Abduction Orthoses" , "Atlanta Scottish Rice" , "Newington Abduction Orthoses" , "Toronto Abduction Orthoses"

UMDC code : 28812

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